2007 China's top ten energy information
2007 can be called the "energy industry policy year": on January 22, the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" for the development of the coal industry was announced; On April 10, the national "Eleventh Five Year Plan for energy development" was announced; The natural gas utilization policy was issued on August 30; On September 4, the national development and Reform Commission announced the medium and long term development plan of renewable energy; On November 26, the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" for national environmental protection was released; On December 3, the coal industry policy was promulgated and implemented; On December 26, the Chinese government released the white paper "China's energy situation and policies" for the first time
among them, the "Eleventh Five Year Plan for energy development" has attracted the most attention, which clearly expounds the overall strategy of China's energy construction during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan": orderly development of coal; Accelerate the development of oil and gas; On the premise of protecting the environment and doing a good job in resettlement, actively develop hydropower, optimize the development of thermal power, and promote the construction of nuclear power; Vigorously develop renewable energy; Moderately accelerate the exploration and development of "three West" (Shanxi, Shaanxi, western Inner Mongolia) coal, oil and gas in the central and western regions and sea areas, and hydropower resources in the southwest, and increase the output capacity of energy bases; Optimize the development of coal and onshore oil and gas resources in the East, stabilize production capacity, and alleviate the pressure of energy transportation
second, the power industry has launched the "big and small", and the battle for energy conservation and emission reduction has been launched in an all-round way.
on the morning of January 29, with several loud noises of "boom", two small thermal power generating units located in Henan Province and Anhui Province successfully blasted; In the afternoon of the same day, Ma Kai, director of the national development and Reform Commission, solemnly announced in Beijing that the work of "increasing the size of the power industry and suppressing the size of the power industry, energy conservation and emission reduction" was fully launched
on this day, the heads of 30 provinces, autonomous regions and cities and six major electric power enterprises signed a letter of objective with Chen Deming, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission: shut down small coal-fired units above 50million kW during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period to ensure the realization of the goal of energy conservation and emission reduction. The measure of "increasing the size of the power industry and suppressing the small" shows that China's energy conservation and emission reduction has entered a substantive stageOn April 6, the general office of the State Council forwarded the implementation opinions on deepening the reform of the power system during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period. Clearly put forward: pay close attention to dealing with the remaining problems of plant separation, and gradually promote the reform of separation of main and auxiliary power enterprises; Speed up the construction of power market, optimize the dispatching mode, and strive to build an open and orderly power market system in line with national conditions; Continue to deepen the reform of power enterprises and cultivate qualified market players; Continue to deepen the reform of electricity price and gradually straighten out the electricity price mechanism; Study and formulate the scheme of separating transmission and distribution, and steadily carry out pilot projects; Steadily promote the reform of rural power system and promote the development of rural power; Do a good job in the revision of electric power laws and regulations, and speed up the construction of electric power legal system; We will further transform government functions, improve the approval system, and improve the regulatory system
on May 30, the signing ceremony and briefing of the equity transfer agreement of 9.2 million kW power generation assets were held in the Great Hall of the people. In the equity realization of the "920 project", it is the first time to introduce multiple investors to realize the transfer of state-owned power assets by means of bidding negotiation, which is a new attempt to dispose of state-owned power assets in a market-oriented manner in China
IV. Nanhai "participating in the exhibition is also to look at the conceptual needs of customers, successfully drilling" combustible ice ", and increasing China's voice in the" post oil era "
in the early morning of May 1, China successfully drilled" combustible ice "as a physical sample of natural gas hydrate in the north of the South China Sea, thus becoming the fourth country after the United States, Japan and India to collect physical samples of hydrate through national R & D plans. This marks that China's natural gas hydrate investigation and research level has stepped into the world's advanced ranks
after preliminary prediction, the prospective resource of "combustible ice" in the northern South China Sea can reach tens of billions of tons of oil equivalent. Although there is still a long way to go before the exploitation and utilization of "combustible ice" due to technical reasons, as a globally recognized alternative resource of high-quality oil, the discovery of combustible ice in the South China Sea has shown a bright prospect of a "post oil era" for China's energy and resources sector, which not only provides a guarantee for China's future alternative energy, but also may have an important impact on the future world energy utilization patternOn May 3, China National Petroleum Corporation announced in Beijing that it had discovered a large oil field with reserves of more than 1 billion tons in the Bohai Bay beach area - the jidongnanpu oil field. The oilfield is located in Tangshan City, Hebei Province (Caofeidian port area). Geologically, it is Nanpu depression in the north of Huanghua depression in Bohai Bay Basin, belonging to the exploration and development scope of PetroChina Jidong Oilfield Company. Through national review, it is confirmed that Nanpu oilfield is a super large oilfield, with tertiary oil and gas geological reserves of 1.18 billion tons
like Daqing, Shengli and Karamay, the southeast fort of Hebei will become another milestone in the development history of China's petroleum industry. It is confirmed that there is still great potential for oil reserves in the Bohai Bay area of China. Some oil experts predict that the total oil reserves in the Bohai Bay area may be as high as 20 billion tons. "This is the most exciting discovery of China's oil exploration in more than 40 years." Premier Wen Jiabao was so excited that he couldn't sleep
VI. The National Nuclear Power Technology Corporation was established, and the third-generation nuclear power technology will take the road of "introduction, digestion and independent innovation".
on May 22, with the approval of the State Council, the National Nuclear Power Technology Corporation, which was jointly funded and established by the State Council and four large state-owned enterprises such as China National Nuclear Industry Corporation, was officially announced in Beijing. Prior to this, the National Nuclear Power Technology Corporation and the Westinghouse consortium signed a framework contract for nuclear island procurement and technology transfer of the third-generation nuclear power autonomous support project. China's nuclear power autonomous support project officially decided to choose the AP1000 scheme of the Westinghouse consortium
the main tasks of the National Nuclear Power Technology Corporation are "to engage in the introduction, digestion, absorption, research and development, transfer, application and promotion of the third generation nuclear power technology, and form its own brand nuclear power technology through independent innovation; to organize domestic enterprises to realize the fair and paid sharing of technology; to undertake the construction of the third generation nuclear power project, technical support and advisory services, as well as other businesses approved or authorized by the state." This shows that on the basis of introduction and digestion, China's nuclear power technology has embarked on a path of R & D, innovation and independent development
VII. Resource fiscal and tax policies have been introduced successively. The state uses fiscal and tax levers to regulate scarce resources
from June 1, China will impose export tariffs on 142 resource products represented by steel and metals, further cancel export tax rebates on 553 "high energy consumption, high pollution, resource" products from July 1, and impose export tariffs on the export of crude oil obtained by foreign parties from the Sino foreign cooperative exploitation of offshore oil from August 1
at the same time, China has increased the resource tax on some scarce energy resources products unprecedented this year. From February 1, the applicable resource tax standard of coking coal will be determined as 8 yuan per ton, and the increase amount is the highest in history; From August 1, the applicable tax standard of resource tax on lead-zinc ore, copper ore and tungsten ore products will be adjusted, with a maximum increase of 15 times
a series of fiscal and tax policies related to energy and resources have been issued one after another, indicating that the Chinese government is learning to use market-oriented means to adjust the contradiction of intensifying domestic resource and environmental bottlenecks
VIII. The energy giant returned to the A-share market, and the energy sector in the stock market rose suddenly.
on October 9, "coal tycoon" China Shenhua officially returned to the A-share market and publicly issued 1.8 billion A-shares. The net amount of funds raised by this return was 65.988 billion yuan, the largest financing scale in A-share history. On November 5, China National Petroleum Corporation, the "most profitable company in Asia", entered the A-share market eight years after it was listed overseas. According to the closing price of the day, the total market value of PetroChina's A-share is more than 8trillion yuan. Together with its H-share market value, the total market value exceeds ExxonMobil's current market value of 487.7 billion US dollars, making it the world's largest listed company by market value and the No. 1 in China's A-share market. Therefore, the selection machine is not simply to consider a large number of powerful stocks psychologically
in 2007, a group of energy giants, who play a decisive role in the national economy, finally chose to return after twists and turns in the overseas securities market. Energy stocks have become another mainstream sector that challenges the absolute weight of financial and real estate stocksOn October 28, the 30th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People's Congress deliberated and approved the revised energy conservation law, which usually uses analog signal control for such electromechanical devices. President Hu Jintao and other companies account for a small proportion, and Jintao signed a presidential decree to announce it. The revised energy conservation law (hereinafter referred to as the energy conservation law) shall enter into force as of April 1st, 2008. The energy conservation law stipulates that "saving resources is China's basic national policy. The State implements an energy development strategy that combines conservation and development and puts conservation in the first place."
on December 1, the National Energy Office officially released the energy law (Draft for comments) to solicit opinions and suggestions for revision and improvement from all walks of life. Thus, the text of this bill, which has a significant impact on China's energy strategy, finally made its debut, which means that the drafting of the energy law has entered a new stage
10. The installed capacity of electric power exceeded 700million kW, and the power industry moved towards the "era of large units"
on December 29, with the successful commissioning of million KW ultra supercritical units of Guodian Taizhou Power Plant, the installed capacity of Guodian Corporation of China exceeded 60million kW for the first time. Among the five major power generation groups in China, the installed capacity has exceeded 60million kW, reaching 4. Earlier, Zhao Xizheng, chairman of the China Electricity Council, said that at the end of 2007, the total installed capacity of China's electricity exceeded 700million kW, ranking second in the world. In the past five years, the increased installed capacity of electricity is close to the sum of the previous 52 years
on the one hand, the power generation giant has rapidly "expanded capacity", on the other hand, the state has "shut down with an iron fist" small thermal motors with high energy consumption and high emissions, and the structure of China's power industry is improving day by day. Especially as a number of clean and efficient large units are reinstalled, the power industry is accelerating towards the "era of large units"